Barakah Umm Ayman (RA)


 

 

Barakah Umm Ayman (RA)

 

 

 

 

  • Abyssinian slave girl brought up in the household of Abdullah & Amina.
  • Knew and accompanied the Prophet (peace be upon him) from his birth till his last days.
  • Served the Prophet (peace be upon him) and Islam until her death.
  • Was like a second mother to the Prophet (peace be upon him) after the death of Amina.  
  • The Prophet (peace be upon him) praised her on many occasions and granted her the good tidings of paradise.

 

Early Life

  • Sold as a slave in Makkah and bought by Abdullah the father of the Prophet (peace be upon him)
  • Grew up in the household of Abdullah and Amina
  • Witnessed the wedding and the departure of Abdullah on a business trip to Syria leaving Amina distressed.
  • Witnessed the sad news of the death of Abdullah but at the same time witnessed the good tidings of the pregnant Amina and her vision of a light emanating from her abdomen.
  • Witnessed the year of the Elephant and the destruction of the army of Abraha.

 

After the Birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him)

  • Comforts Amina after the death of Abdullah and remains by her side until the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
  • The first to hold the Prophet (peace be upon him).
  • The Prophet (peace be upon him) is sent to the desert with Halima while Barakah stayed with Amina and took care of her.
  • The Prophet (peace be upon him) returns from the desert aged 5 and at age 6 his mother takes him to visit the grave of his father Abdullah.
  • Barakah accompanies them both on this journey and on the way back Amina passes away.
  • Barakah buries Amina with her own hands and promises to take care of the orphan child Muhmmad (peace be upon him).
  • Barakah stays with the Prophet (peace be upon him) in the house of Abdul Muttalib, and then when Abdul Muttalib passes away she moves with the Prophet (peace be upon him) to the house of Abu Talib.

 

The marriage of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Khadija

  • The Prophet (peace be upon him) grow up to be man, and accepts the proposal of marriage from Khadija (RA) and goes to live with her at her house.
  • Barakah moves into the household of the Prophet (peace be upon him) which at the time consisted of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Khadija (RA), Hind (the daughter of Khadija from her previous marriage), Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA), Zaid ibn Haritha (RA) who was a slave boy of Khadija.
  • Barakah was one of the first people to accept Islam when the Prophet (peace be upon him) received the revelation.

 

Barakah’s marriages

  • Having had so much good done to him by Barakah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) wanted to do something for her so arranged for her freedom and marriage to a Khazrajite named ‘Ubayd ibn Zaid.
  • Barakah married ‘Ubayd ibn Zayd and moved to Madina.
  • Barakah bore a son named Ayman but unfortunately her husband died shortly after and therefore she returned back to the household of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
  • The Prophet (peace be upon him) took her in, looked after her.
  • One day while the Prophet (peace be upon him) was teaching in the house of Arqam, the Chief of Quraysh blocked all the roads leading to the house and harassing anyone that tried to approach it. Khadija had some important news that she needed to get to the Prophet (peace be upon him) but she did no know how to as the Quraysh had blocked the paths. Barakah offered to help and risked her life to go to the Prophet (peace be upon him) with the news. The Prophet (peace be upon him) upon seeing her said: “You are blessed, Umm Ayman. Surely you have a place in Paradise.” When she delivered the news and left the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to his companions “Should one of you wish to marry a woman of Paradise, he should marry Umm Ayman.”
  • Barakah was fairly old at the time, she was of Abysinnian decent, she used to be a slave, and she was not the best looking either, therefore due to these factors most of the companions remained silent at the offer. However, the slave boy of Khadija, who was now a man took up the offer and accepted to marry Barakah.
  • Zaid ibn Haritha and Barakah were married and they had a son named Usama who was to be one of the future leaders of Islam.   

 

Her service to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Muslims

  • When the Prophet (peace be upon him migrated to Madina he left Barakah in Makkah to look after some of his affairs. Knowing the dangers she still accepted to stay behind and then made the Journey to Madina on her own and on foot through the desert.
  • When she reached Madina covered in sand and fatigued from the journey, the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw her and remarked ‘O Umm Ayman, O my mother! Indeed for you is a place in Paradise.”
  • He then sat her down, wiped the dirt from her face and massaged her feet and shoulders.
  • She provided water to the Mujahidin in the battle of Uhud and the nursed the injured soldiers. She accompanied the Prophet (peace be upon him) to the battle of Khaybar and Hunayn.
  • Her son Ayman was martyred in the battle of Hunayn and her husband, Zaid, was martyred in the battle of Mu’ta.

 

The deep love of the Prophet (peace be upon) for Barakah

  • The Prophet (peace be upon him) loved Barakah as a mother and was very fond of her.
  • He (peace be upon him) called her ‘Ummi’, i.e. my mother and said to Khadija about her that “This is Barakah. This is my mother after my own mother. She is the rest of my family.”
  • The Prophet (peace be upon him) gave her the glad tidings of paradise as mentioned above.
  • In her old age, the Prophet (peace be upon him would visit her regularly and ask after her and ensure that she is well.

 

Her death

  • Barakah lived a long life and died during the Caliphate of Uthman ibn ‘Affan (RA). 
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4 thoughts on “Barakah Umm Ayman (RA)”

  1. Dear brother,
    Just a correction about her emigration to Madinah. The Prophet (Peace be upon him ) sent her husband to Makkah She travelled with the Prophet’s family (peace be upon him) and her little son and not at her own on foot.

  2. Dear brother Abdul Wadud. Many thanks for your comments. May Allah bless you.

    Just to clarify, the part about her beauty was not to do with her colour but the fact that she was old at the time and she was past her prime. It was not intended as a racist comment but just to explain why some of the companions did not jump at the opportunity of marrying her.

    I have re-worded that part now and hopefully it does not sound disrespectful or racist in any way.

    Was Salam

    Jashim

  3. Brother,

    thank you so much for this information but please realize the racism in this comment
    ” she was of Abysinnian decent and not very good looking”

    brother what is that supposed to mean? are blacks ugly to you ? please correct this phrasing as you insult one of the oldest and noblest black people, the habesha . the first of the muslims, the defenders of Islam .

    please correct your ways and may Allah keep you from such unwitting racist wordings.

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