Surah Al Ikhlas


 

 

Surah Al Ikhlas

 

 

 

 

Surah Number: 112

Revelation Period: Makki

Number of Verses: 4



 

Translation:

 

Al Ikhlas – The Unity

 

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

 

1. Say: He is Allah, the One!

2. Allah, the eternally Besought of all!

3. He begetteth not nor was begotten.

4. And there is none comparable unto Him.



 

Virtues of Surah Al Ikhlas

 

·         The love of the Surah caused a companion to enter paradise.

·         It is equal to one third of the Qur’an.

·         It is a protection of the one who recites it regularly particularly mornings and evenings.

 

Reason for revelation

 

·         The pagans of Makkah asked the Prophet about the ‘ancestry/lineage’ of Allah

·         The Jews asked what Allah was made of.  

·         This Surah was revealed in response to this questioning of theirs.

 

Brief Explanation

 

1. Say: He is Allah, the One!

 

Allah begins the Surah by affirming his Tawheed and Unity. He clarifies the He is One and has no partner or associate and this is directly in response to the polytheists of Makkah who at the time worshipped many gods in association with Allah.

 

The word ‘Ahad’ also denotes that there can not be a plural or more that one. It is different to saying ‘wahid’ which also means one, but this could be one of many. Whereas the use of the word ‘Ahad’ takes this possibility away.  

 

2. Allah, the eternally Besought of all!

 

As-Samad is the eternal one who needs no one, but everyone needs him. Allah is the only one who is in need of nobody, yet all creation is in need of Him. As-Samad also connotates a limitless being who has no begin or end and is not limited by time, place, size etc.   

 

3. He begetteth not nor was begotten.

 

This is directed at the Pagans who attributed daughters to Allah and the Christians and Jews who attributed a son to Allah. It also clarifies that Allah did not come from a ‘father’ or ‘mother’ and he did not inherit the kingdom and the title of Allah from anywhere. He was, is and always will be Allah the lord and creator of everything and He is, and shall remain, as He always was.

 

4. And there is none comparable unto Him.

 

This means that there is absolutely nothing like Allah and he has no one that can compare to Him, compete with Him, associate with Him and so on and so forth.

 

It also negates any thought or image that one may have of Allah. Allah can not be encompassed or comprehended by the senses.

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