‘There is no sin on you that you seek the grace of your Lord (by trading). Later, when you flow down from ‘Arafāt, recite the name of Allah near Al-Mash‘ar-ul-Harām (the Sacred Monument), and recite His name as He has guided you, while before it, you were among the astray.’ [Qur’an 2:198]
Muzdalifa is a valley between ‘Arafah and Mina. Stretching just over 4 kilometres long, it is where the Pilgrims gather in the night of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah after having spent it’s day in ‘Arafah.
Pilgrims spend the night here and many of them collect their pebbles for pelting the Shaytan at the Jamaraat.
There is a Masid here called Masjid Mash’ar Al-Haram which is located on the spot where the Prophet (peace be upon him) supplicated in response to the injunction of the above verse from Surah Al Baqarah 2:198.
Muzdalifa is also known as Al Jam’, meaning joining or gathering, because it is where the pilgrims join the Maghrib and ‘Esha prayers. It is also known by this name because it’s a place of gathering.
‘Then flow down from where the people flow, and seek forgiveness from Allah. Certainly Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful.’ [Qur’an 2:199]
‘Arafah or ‘Arafat is a plain of land approximately 22 kilometres from Makkah. It is here that the pilgrims spend the 9th day of Dhul Hijjah standing in Worship, Dhikr and Du’a.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“I stood here (at the foot of Jabal Rahmah) but the whole of ‘Arafah is a place of standing “
The Hajj is not complete without the standing on ‘Arafah and therefore all pilgrims must spend a portion of the day on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah at the plain of ‘Arafah for their Hajj to be valid.
The day of ‘Arafah is the greatest day in the Islamic Calendar as it is on this day that Allah (SWT) forgives more people than he does in the entire year.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“There is no day in which Allah sets free more souls from the fire of hell than on the day of Arafat. And on that day Allah draws near to the earth and by way of exhibiting His Pride remarks to the angels, ‘What is the desire of these (servants of mine)?’”
[Muslim and Others]
There is a Masjid in ‘Arafah called Masjid Namira and it is located on the site where the Prophet (peace be upon him) camped for a while before entering ‘Arafah and where he delivered his farewell speech.
‘Arafah also has a small hilltop known as Jabal Rahmah and it is at the foot of this hill where the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have prayed and made Du’a during his standing in ‘Arafah.
For more info and pictures, please visit the links below:
‘And remember God, during certain days numbered. If any man hastens on in two days, that is no sin for him; and if he delays, it is not a sin for him; if he fears; and fear God, and know that to Him you shall be gathered.’ [Qur’an 2:203]
Mina is the place where the pilgrims congregate during the Hajj and stay there on the 8th and then from 11th to the 13th of Dhul Hijjah during the days of Tashriq.
Mina is situated approximately 7 kilometres to the east of Makkah. The pilgrims come here after completing their Hajj Rites and sacrifice an animal and cut / shave their heads before coming out from the state of Ihram.
“And when he was old enough to walk with him, he said, ‘O my dear son, I see in a dream that I shall sacrifice you. So see what you think’. He said, ‘O my father do whatever you have been commanded. You shall find me, God willing, of the steadfast’. And when they had both submitted, and he had laid him down on his forehead, We called to him, ‘O Abraham! Verily you have fulfilled the vision’. So do We reward those who are virtuous. Truly this was indeed a clear test’. Then We ransomed him with a mighty sacrifice.” [Qur’an 37: 102-107]
It is here that Prophet Ibrahim (Peace be Upon Him) brought his son Isma’il (Peace be Upon Him) in order to sacrifice him following the dream that he had. It is also here that the Shaytan tried to tempt him away from his mission to sacrifice his son so he beat Shaytan with pebbles at three different locations. These are marked by the 3 large walls known as the Jamarat, where pilgrims to this day stone the walls in recognition of this act of Ibrahim (Peace be Upon Him). Finally it is here, in Mina, where the pilgrim sacrifice an animal in remembrance of Ibrahim’s (Peace be Upon Him) willingness to sacrifice his son, and how Allah sent a Ram in Isma’il’s (Peace be Upon Him) place, as a ransom for him.
Mina is also the place where Masjid Al Khayf and Masjid Bay’ah are located.
Masjid Bay’ah is in ‘Aqaba, the nearest part of Mina to Makkah. It marks the place where the early Madinan Muslims came to give Bay’ah (Allegiance) to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) which led to the eventual Hijrah of the Muslims from Makkah to Madinah.
The first Bay’ah was given two years before the Hijrah with 12 people of Madina giving Bay’ah. The second Bay’ah took place one year before the Hijrah and was attended by 75 people from Madina who gave their Allegiance to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and pomised to protect him should he migrate to Madinah.
This was the catalyst for the momentous Hijrah which became the start of a new Dawn for the Muslims.
A Masjid was built here to commemorate the location and Alhamdu Lillah it’s one of the few structures that still remain today.
Stumbled across this post whilst searching for something else. Another one to add to the list of the many places one can do Ziyarah of when in the Sacred Land.
Allah has granted special privilege to things and places related to Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه وسلم). Hujrathu Shareefah (حجرة الشريفة), the small area where Rasoolullah’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) Qabar Shareef is located is described as the best place in earth. Area between Hujrathu Shareefah and Pulpit(منبر) of Rasoolullah’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is described as a garden among garden of the Paradise.
It is written in history with golden scripts about childhood of Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) with Halimah (رضي الله عنها). It was a practice in that era that toddlers in city were nursed by villagers who folk the cities for that purpose. Birth parents of babies had found it a useful practice as their babies will gain better physical and mental strength once lived in villages. On the other hand villagers saw it as an opportunity to get some wealth.
'If ye help him not, still Allah helped him when those who disbelieve drove him forth, the second of two; when they two were in the cave, when he said unto his comrade: Grieve not. Lo! Allah is with us. Then Allah caused His peace of reassurance to descend upon him and supported him with hosts ye cannot see, and made the word of those who disbelieved the nethermost, while Allah’s Word it was that became the uppermost. Allah is Mighty, Wise.' [Qur'an 9:40]
The Photobook by Dr Abdullah Al Kadi documents in great detail the Hijrah Journey that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, took from Makkah to Madinah.
The event was chaired by historian Bettany Hughes with presentations from Dr AlKadi and Photographer Peter Sanders. The evening closed with a reception and book signing with Dr AlKadi.
‘Dr. Alkadi is the Vice Rector for Studies, Development and Community Services, as well as being a Professor in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at the College of Architecture and Planning at the University of Dammam in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. He is the author of several books covering diverse topics such as the use of GIS applications on social development in urban areas, to analysis of the planning characteristics of urban mosques at the time of the Prophet in Madinah. Currently, Dr. Alkadi continues to explore and expand his research not only on the Hijrah Route, but other ancient pathways as well.’
I arrived late at the event due to unforeseen circumstances that afternoon on a return journey from Bognor Regis. As a result I missed a good chunk of Dr AlKadi’s presentation. What I did catch was him documenting through pictures the difficulty he and his team had to endure to find and detail all the places that the Prophet, peace be upon him, and Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased him, trekked through on their momentous journey from Makkah to Madinah.
They uncovered many new milestones that marked the way, reaching some areas that were only accessible by foot, and hand digging various milestones and artefacts from underground. Along the way they uncovered ancient writings on rocks that predate even the Islamic Period in Arabia.
Dr AlKadi has had all of his new findings documented with the relevent Tourism and Archeology department within the Government of Saudi Arabia.
Dr. Alkadi explains: “Makkah to Madinah is the culmination of several years of research driven by the simple desire to determine as precisely as possible the exact route of the Hijrah. In the course of this study, I have conducted dozens of field expeditions, collecting data, recording GPS coordinates, identifying landmarks, calculating distances, and covering as much as possible the entire route by foot. I have also examined every available resource from Hadith and Seerah literature and narrations, to historical documents, maps from the eighteenth century to the present. I have also conducted extensive interviews with local residents to glean information handed down through generations.”
“After analysing, synthesising, and cross-checking the information from this research, I have by the grace of Allah realised my original goal: to determine as precisely as possible the exact route of the Prophet’s Hijrah.”
After Dr AlKadi Peter Sanders took to the stage. He mirrored what Dr AlKadi had said and stated that in all his years of travelling to and photographing Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Sites, he could not believe that the sites uncovered by Dr AlKadi actually existed.
Although he was only on the journey for part of the way he found the whole experience spiritually uplifting knowing that they were walking on the exact same path that the Prophet, peace be upon him, had trodden.
Peter also mentioned the sites that were hard to reach and had to be gotten to on foot and commended Dr Al Kadi’s commitment and vigour in completing those journeys on foot. Peter summarised that the landscapes that they visited and saw was like seeing the Artistry of Allah in His creation.
Shaykh Hamza Yusuf, who was also present at the launch, wrote the forward to the book. It was through Shaykh Hamza Yusuf and his audio tapes in the 90s that I first heard of Dr AlKadi, and I was glad that I finally got a chance to meet him in 2015! Alhamdu Lillah. He writes in his forward to the book:
‘In a just world, this exaustive effort would be seen as a groundbreaking masterwork, and would be discussed and celebrated by historians of humanity worldwide. But our world is far from just, and Shaykh Abdullah may have to wait for the Hijrah to that truly just world for his work to be acknowledged and rewarded. For now, may our gratitude suffice.‘
After the presentations was a brief Q&A conducted by the chair which was followed by the reception and book signing.
The book can be purchased from all good bookstores and online through Amazon and the publisher’s own website: http://orient-east.com/buy
I would like to end by thanking brother Masud Ahmed Khan for posting the details of the event on his Facebook feed, without which I would not have known of the event. I would also like to thank Helen Lewis of literallypr.com for extending the invite to me and giving me the opportunity to meet such great personalities from the Islamic World.
This is the famous grave yard in Makkah not to too far from Masjid Al Haram. Many of the Companions, their followers, scholars and the righteous are buried in this graveyard. One of the most famous graves is that of Lady Khadijah (the wife of the Prophet [SAW]). Continue reading Places to Visit in Makkah – Mualla Cemetary→
‘If ye help him not, still Allah helped him when those who disbelieve drove him forth, the second of two; when they two were in the cave, when he said unto his comrade: Grieve not. Lo! Allah is with us. Then Allah caused His peace of reassurance to descend upon him and supported him with hosts ye cannot see, and made the word of those who disbelieved the nethermost, while Allah’s Word it was that became the uppermost. Allah is Mighty, Wise.’ [Qur’an 9:40]Continue reading Places to Visit in Makkah – Jabal Thur→
‘Surely he beheld Him (Gibril) on the clear horizon’ [Qur’an 81:23]
This is the place where it all began. Where Hidaya descended from the Heavens. Where the first revelations came down to a trembling man in awe of what had befallen him (SAW).
‘Read: In the name of thy Lord Who createth, Createth man from a clot. Read: And thy Lord is the Most Bounteous, Who teacheth by the pen, Teacheth man that which he knew not.’ [Qur’an 96: 1-5]
How must it have felt that night when the Angel came down in all his glory? A moment in time that was to be the beginning of something so great that it would conquer the hearts and minds of billions of people around the globe.
To this day people come here to experience the climb and see for themselves the tiny cave in which the Prophet (SAW) sojourned himself, and, to where his blessed wife regularly brought him food and drink.
May our footsteps fall on the blessed earth on which the Prophet (SAW) walked and may the barakah of such a place bring untold blessings in our life.
‘Who gives his wealth (in charity) to become purified,while no one has conferred any favour on him for which he would give a return, but (he gave his wealth in charity) only to seek the Countenance of his Lord, the Most High.’
[Qur’an 98:18-20 *This verse was revealed in relation to Abu Bakr (RA) freeing Bilal (RA) as a slave in Makkah ]
This is the approximate location of the house of Abu Bakr (RA) in Makkah. This is the blessed house that the Prophet (SAW) would have frequented regularly. It was here that Abu Bakr (RA) lived with his family and it is from here that the blessed Hijrah to Madinah was commenced.
The approximate location is in the current Makkah Towers Hotel where a Masjid in the name of Abu Bakr (RA) has been built on the 4th floor.
More info available from the Islamic Landmarks website here: